Rondo and Positional Play Exercises

A little ways back, Jens Schuster, a German coach, posted an excellent presentation with a litany of exercises for rondo and positional play based training. I’ve personally used many of these exercises already this fall season and have used them as a springboard to develop new exercises as well.

These are both a great collection of exercises on their own and a wonderful source of inspiration for coaches to adapt, change, scale up or scale down the exercises to suite their coaching style, level of player and team and the ambitions of those teams in terms of style of play.

One such exercise is one of Pep Guardiola’s rondo games, the 4v4+3, seen in the video below:

 

The only drawback to this work was it is originally in German. Through a slightly painstaking and time consuming effort I was able to get a rough translation of these exercises into English. It is not perfect, far from it, but the translation does help to provide a better understanding of some of the exercises.

You can download the translated version using the link below:

jensschusterrondos_juegodeposicion-docx-de-en

The original version can easily be downloaded directly off of Jens’ twitter profile. Schuster is definitely worth a follow on twitter if you are a coach.

In an email exchange with Jens he had some additional comments on some of the exercises:

I’ve used almost all forms in training. I think most forms are suitable for non-professional youth teams, but I think it depends on your playing philosophy which are the best rondo-forms for your team.
I think Rondos like
  • 05. 2 + 1N vs. 1 + 1 vs. 1 IM FELDERWECHSEL
  • 12. 2 MAL 4 vs. 2 IM 4 vs. 4 vs. 4
  • 13. 3 + 4N vs. 3 ÜBER DIE ÄUSSEREN NEUTRALEN
  • …..
  • 21. 6 + 1 vs. 3 ‘ÜBER DEN FREIEN MANN ZWISCHEN DEN LINIEN ZUM FREIZIEHEN IN ZONE 23‘
  • 22. 7 vs. 2 MIT MITTLEREM PASSDREIECK ‘PASS ÜBER EINE LINIE‘
  • 23. 5 + 1 vs. 2 ‘PASS ZWISCHEN DIE LINIEN‘
  • 31. 4 + 4 vs. 2 + 1 + 1 ‘DRUCK AUS 2 EBENEN‘
  • 48. VOM 7 vs. 1 BIS ZUM 7 vs. 7
  • 53. ‘FRISCHER GEGNER‘ IM 4 + 4 vs. 4
….
you can do with almost every team.
Definitely an excellent resource for any coach of any level. Have a look and be sure to check out Jens’ twitter as well!

AS Roma in Boston 7/26 Training Session

After two interesting evening training sessions for Luciano Spalletti’s AS Roma at Harvard’s Ohiri Field, Tuesday evening’s session had some reoccurring exercises from Monday and work on set pieces.

ASRoma726

The building in the background is Harvard University’s American football stadium. It is unsuitable for soccer training as it is lined for American football and is not a natural surface.

One development worth mentioning however for AS Roma supporters, all four players who competed at the Euros, Daniele De Rossi, Alessandro Florenzi, Stephen El Shaarawy and Radja Nainggolan, participated in the full training session with the main group. It was the first time they had done so in the evening session since arriving in Boston. The previous two nights they all dropped out early and did some running off on one side of the field.

The session began similar to the previous evening, with some juggling and no formal warm-up, before going into a 12v12 exercise. The pace of this exercise was not done at full intensity, same as Monday evening, so this may have been serving the purposes of a warm-up, albeit a more intricate one! At least some of the players did also walk from the hotel to the training ground, a distance of just over half a mile.

The 12v12 exercise once again involved two teams, with an extra center forward each as the twelfth player, playing combination passes simultaneously up opposite sides of the field. The field was again split vertically down the middle with cones and the ball and players involved had to stay on the same side of the field the play started on. Area was the width of the field and the goals were at the tops of the penalty areas.

Once again, they utilized several different combination patterns, like on Monday, but the two constants were the ball from the keeper was always to the holding mid and the winger always wound up checking into the half space from a wide position. One twist on Tuesday from Monday was the center mid moving into the fullback space and that served as the trigger for the fullback to push up the touchline and eventually put the ball into the center forward from a wide position. The crosses to the center forward were once again mostly played into feet and kept on the ground, high crosses were rare whether it was meant for Edin Dzeko or Totti.

This covered the first thirty minutes of the session. The next thirty minutes involved the two teams splitting up. One group worked on attacking right sided corners, while the other worked on attacking set pieces from about 30-35 yards out. After fifteen minutes, the groups switched.

For the attacking set pieces exercise, four plastic men held the offside line at the top of the penalty area. Two attackers would stand offside and four would run into the penalty area off the free kick delivery. The two offsides players would check back, one coming all the way out by himself about 7-8 yards past the wall and the other checked his run when he met the onrushing players and crashed back into the penalty area with them.

ASRomaFreeKick

The corner kick group worked only on the right side with a couple variants of attack. One was a short corner routine and the other was predicated on a player coming out of the six yard box towards the corner to take a ball into feet and then laying it off to the corner kick taker to put the ball in. Only thing of interest here was Totti got frustrated with his balls into the six yard box. He seemingly, again language barrier makes this difficult to asses, initially didn’t like the return ball he was getting to set him up and then was just frustrated as his service was a bit off.

ASRomaCorner

The two groups then came back together and finished with a 11v11 half field game and the extra goalkeepers did some work catching crosses in the opposite goal. The session ended around 7:00pm as a group of VIPs was brought down to the field to meet the players.

ASRomaGK

Today instead of training, AS Roma arranged two friendlies against local sides with half the squad slated to play in each. The morning match was against a FC Bolts team from the Premier Development League, the fourth division of US soccer, which Roma ran out 5-1 winners.

Spalletti was quoted before the trip expressing some disappointment over only having one field with which to train. He said sometimes it was necessary to train different “departments” on separate pitches but that they would adapt and tighten the spaces for training. That raises the question of how Spalletti may have done some of the team’s work differently if he had two full fields instead of one. The goalkeepers did on one night jump over to an adjoining unlined field to work on punts and goalkicks, however.

Anyway, whether all the methods used were a matter of preference or necessity by Spalletti this week, it has been a delight to take in the training of such a high profile Club as AS Roma.

AS Roma in Boston 7/24 Training Session

As part of their preseason preparations, AS Roma is spending nearly two weeks in the United States. In what seems like an interesting twist on the usual big European Club comes to America for preseason tour for the benefits of promoting the Club at the expense of the team’s preseason training, they are spending July 24 through the 30th in Boston for training only. No matches, at least not officially, before heading off elsewhere for their now annual friendly against Liverpool in the We’re Both Owned By Americans Derby.

TeamTalkASRoma

It must be some sort of relief to Luciano Spalletti and his staff to at least get a solid week of training with no flying. As we’ve seen already this preseason, Jose Mourinho is none to pleased with how Manchester United’s trip to Asia has gone thus far and you can imagine most managers loathe these preseason trips that are done mostly for the purposes of growing the brand of the Club. That is the norm now for top European sides.

Anyways, onto the session itself. This session took place at 5:30pm local time on Roma’s first full day in Boston. According to the Club’s social media they had done strength/gym training that morning and this would seemingly be their only soccer-specific session of the day. The session lasted about two hours and was at Harvard University’s Ohiri Field.

The session began with the full group, short of the goalkeepers who had begun earlier, doing a short dynamic warm-up. It seemed very abrupt, it was at most fifteen minutes, if that.

Normally, by which normal means what one usually would see watching most training sessions available on YouTube, these sessions start off with unopposed work and/or work with the group split up by positions and some sort of small sided game(rondo).

Here, AS Roma went directly into a 10v10 game. The game was played in a box the width of the penalty area and about equally as long. At the top of both penalty areas were three small goals. Half way between the playing area and the goals was a dotted line. Two goalkeepers were inside each of the penalty areas behind the small goals.

The exercise began with a long ball played into the area in the direction of the center forward from a goalkeeper. The purpose was to keep possession in the area until a through ball could played out of the area to meet a run beyond the area and then finish in one of the small goals, shooting from behind the dotted line. With the incredibly tight spacing from 20 players in roughly a 45×45 yard area the ability to have enough time on the ball to play an accurate through ball with a correctly timed run was hard to pull off.

ASRoma1

The progression to this game was relatively simple. The small goals were removed and the full sized goals, now defended with a goalkeeper, were moved to the top of the penalty area. The playing areas was now the same length but the width was extended out to the touchline. The only option to get behind the defense and have a shot on goal remained the same from the previous game. There were no crosses put in from wide and dribbling out of the playing area was, seemingly, not an option either.

The emphasis, and with the session being done in Italian it could be slightly different, was on quick combination play and fast transitions in order to play promising through balls in behind the defense. Most of the runs came from the wingers(both sides were playing a 4-3-3) but there were also fullbacks pushing high when wingers came inside and center mids making runs beyond the center forward. Edin Dzeko made some runs behind for one team, while otherwise holding the ball up, and Totti drifted around looking for space(and usually found it) and played others in behind.

ASRoma2

The final progression extended to the playing area being slightly narrower than the full width of the field but stretched the length from the top of one penalty area to the other. It was more or less an unrestricted game of 11v11 at this point and naturally as would be expected, the players carried on in trying to play in the same manner in which they had been previously with the various restrictions in place.

With the space on the field opening up and the goals at the tops of the penalty areas the play opened up quite a bit as space was no longer at such a premium and both sides created chances and moved the ball effectively, again, in the manner in which it appeared they had been asked before. Spalletti made no stops during play in any of these games. He did walk freely in among the play(less so when the space was tigher) and was constantly providing instructions. He did speak to the group before resuming the next progression after a water break but he did not stop play at any point.

ASRoma3

After the group had worked together through the warm-up and game exercises they split into two groups. Again, you would probably expect the opposite, that the full group would train after training in groups. It will be interesting to see(work allowing!) if this pattern is usual for Spalletti or just a one off given the nature of this session having just arrived here.

The forwards and midfielders worked on finishing on goal. It was a simple setup, three quick passes were played 25 yards out and then a one touch pass was played over the top of several plastic men to a striker running in on a full goal and looking to score past a keeper.

The defenders trained in two opposing back fours(later adding a holding midfielder as neutral player) on body shape, shifting side to side and pressure, cover balance when a fullback stepped to put pressure on the ball holder. This looked to be boring, tedious, work but the sharpness of movement, maintaining the correct body shape and later the speed of moving the ball along the backline was impressive. Certainly what you would expect from professionals even if you can imagine they’ve done similar work plenty of times before and can’t enjoy it much.

ASRomaBack4

While that was going on a group of four players were doing some jogging/running on the far side of the pitch for a short while. It looked to be some players who had played in the European Championships(although Alessandro Florenzi was not one of them) including Daniele De Rossi and Radja Nainggolan. This group finished and left early.

The session wrapped up after this and all told the players were on the training ground for about two hours.

Aside from the obvious technical quality of a top European squad, it was interesting to see how Spalletti coached during the session, the seemingly quick warm-up and the approach of having the full group train together first and progress up to an 11v11 game and then go back and do work in smaller groups. Might be a training method worth trying out.

There was a good crowd on hand even with the Club only announcing that afternoon that the session was on at 5:30 and open to the public. It was originally to be a closed session. Who would be spying on an AS Roma session in Boston on a Sunday afternoon is anyone’s guess! But having closed sessions is probably normal enough at this level. Even Italy’s last national team manager, Antiono Conte, went so far as to ban members of his own staff from certain training sessions during the Euros.

Last bit to make note of, only Alessandro Florenzi came over for autographs and selfies after the session. Much to his own surprise as he flailed his arms out and pointed back in the direction of the supporters after he walked back over to the remaining players and staff. Evidently he felt a few other players should have gone and joined him but he was at least happy to sign and smile for selfies for a bit before heading off.

AS Roma will be at Harvard all week with many sessions open to the public. Definitely worth taking in if you’re in the area.

ASRomaSpalletti